Mini projects are an important starter kit for developers who want to pursue a career in tech.

Interviewers are particularly interested in your mini projects. The computer science mini projects you work on sheds light on your career interests and speaks for your enthusiasm to learn tech concepts at a deeper level.

Moreover, when you apply your theoretical knowledge in a hands-on way, you get to explore a breadth of concepts related to your topic.

The practical experience gained from tackling technical challenges in your mini project helps you walk away with longer retention of applied skills.

How to choose mini projects

When it comes to selecting a mini project, it is not paramount to select an innovative idea. What you learn out of it is important to showcase your skillset.

More than going after the number of projects, interviewers usually ask questions hoping you would have chosen mini projects that you care about. Having multiple projects in your resume and not being able to give in-depth answers about them throws you in a bad light.

Best strategy to choose the right projects

As a recommended practice, work towards having 3-5 mini projects in your resume.


Check out some interesting projects you can add to your resume.


Use the following checklist to choose your mini projects:

  1. Select mini projects that add value to your career goals.
  2. Make sure they are in line with your programming interests.
  3. Build or add a feature that solves a real problem.

Some questions to think about when choosing innovative project ideas:

  1. What problem is my project solving?
  2. Who is it solving for?
  3. Why does this problem need to be solved?
  4. Are the skills and technologies relevant today/next 5-10 years?

Always keep these points in mind when choosing project ideas for computer engineering.

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How to include projects in your resume

It doesn’t stop at just working on multiple mini projects. An important element in getting noticed by leading tech companies is to present your skills in an informative and engaging way.

Also read: Learn how to write appealing work descriptions in your resume.

Before adding all projects in your resume, take a moment to structure your information in a concise and consistent manner. Include information that would interest your potential employer.

When scanning through your resume, in one glance they should understand:

  1. What your project is about
  2. What you did in the project
  3. The skills and technologies you have used in the project
  4. Time spent on the project

Later when you are called for an interview, be prepared to answer questions related to:

  1. The thought process behind selecting the mini project
  2. Technical challenges faced during the mini project
  3. How you overcame them
  4. Anything you would do differently to improve your project today
  5. Key learning outcomes from the mini project

Best Mini Projects for CSE

Pick your favourite project from a list of top mini projects for CSE, and complete them all by yourself by following a recommended step by step instructional plan.

Python projects

YouTube transcript summarizer

Python projects - YouTube transcript summarizer

Deep Learning-Natural Language Processing and Web Development are two favorite choices of beginner Python developers.

But what if you could not only learn both of these, but also create a project that you can use in your daily life?

In this project, you will be creating a Chrome extension that summarizes a YouTube video from its transcripts. This is done by implementing an NLP model from the popular Huggingface library.

This project is a time-saver for YouTube viewers and a remarkable addition to your dev porfolio. Completing this project will showcase your command over full stack development using HTML, CSS in the frontend and Flask for the backend, along with the concepts of NLP.

Moreover, you will gain transferrable skills of creating a Chrome extension into a web app. This is a valuable skill given the huge popularity and scope of extensions.

Skills

By the end of this project, you will be able to flaunt these skills:

  1. Natural Language Processing
  2. Creating a chrome extension
  3. Backend development - REST, Flask
  4. Frontend development - HTML, CSS

Who should try this

The project involves multi-domain implementation, which will be interesting for web developers with basic experience in web development. This is an intermediate Python project that can be completed comfortably within 30 hours.

Want to know more? Check out the project and get started with a recommended action plan!

Instagram Automation

Python projects for beginners - Instagram Automation

Instagram as an app needs no introduction. But what does need introduction, is that you can automate your way through IG, including automatically scrolling through the feed, liking and commenting on posts, and in fact, saving some of the data in a separate file, so that it could serve as valuable datasets for image classification and deep learning projects!

Thus, you will get to learn DOM manipulation, automation and dataset creation, all of which are not just very critical skills on their own, but also very useful as side skills alongside other projects

You will work with Selenium Web Driver to automate login to IG, go through explore, liking, commenting, following, as well as store URLs and the associated data to media files which could be used as datasets for NLP/DL problems.

Skills to gain

Once you are done with the project, you will have learned the skills of:

  • Python libraries
  • Selenium
  • Automation

Who should try this

If you are a beginner and have been looking for cool python projects to get hands on with Python programming, HTML, and CSS, this Python project is made just for you.

Take out 15 hours and add this fascinating project to your resume!


Also read

Python Projects For Beginners - with step by step instructions
List of simple Python projects for beginners to explore in-demand Python developer skills like HTTP, REST, Selenium, more.
6 Unique Python Projects Everyone Is Talking About
Looking for Python Projects with source code? Experience the joy of building your own apps. Follow instructions & master the art of learning as you build.
Free Python projects (2021) - Get started right away
Beginner to intermediate level projects every Python developer should try. Gain practical skills in web development, REST API, more by doing these projects.

Java projects

Breakout Ball Game

Java projects - breakout ball game

Java is widely used by game development companies and for creating mobile games. And this fact shouldn’t come as much of a surprise, given how versatile the language is and given its rich collection of open-source material.

Many of the world’s top mobile games have been developed in Java. Minecraft, Mission Impossible III, and Asphalt 6 are just a few popular names you are probably familiar with.

In this project, a layer of bricks lines the top third of the screen and the goal is to destroy them all. A ball moves straight around the screen, bouncing off the top and two sides of the screen. When a brick is hit, the ball bounces back and the brick is destroyed. The player loses a turn when the ball touches the bottom of the screen; to prevent this from happening, the player has a horizontally movable paddle to bounce the ball upward, keeping it in play. The player uses the platform to keep the ball running. The goal is to break the bricks without missing the ball with your platform.

Skills to hone

By end of the project, apart from learning to write clean modular code using Java you will also learn some major concepts such as -

  • Java Swing - Swing in Java is a lightweight GUI toolkit which has a wide variety of widgets for building optimized window based applications. It is built on top of the AWT API.
  • Java AWT - The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-dependent windowing, graphics, and user-interface widget toolkit, preceding Swing.
  • JFrame - A frame, implemented as an instance of the JFrame class, is a window that has decorations such as a border, a title, and supports button components that close or iconify the window.
  • JPanel - The JPanel is the simplest container class. It provides space in which an application can attach any other component. It inherits the JComponents class.

The project makes use of Java swing, OOPS concepts and much more. All in all you will be experiencing how it is to develop graphics-intensive applications using native languages like Java.

These skills will aid in the future when you pursue domains like mobile application development, web-based apps in conjunction with Flash.

Learning these will be an additional support and a star point when you collaborate with a different tech stack to build games or graphical animations.

These are hot skills that the industry happily accepts, so it is a strong pointer for your résumé!  

Excited to try this project?

Who should try this

  • Prerequisite knowledge required

A basic knowledge of Java concepts will be required to execute this project. All additional skills can be learned through the course of implementing this project.

  • Difficulty level to expect

It is perfect for beginners in Java as it will give them a chance to write code in Java and at the same time learn a widely-used application  of Java. This project will be a good project for intermediate developers while a refresher project for java professionals.

  • Time needed

12-20 hours is the maximum expected time needed to complete this project.


Library Management System

Java projects - library management system

Management systems are used in all institutions. It may be digital (software) or analog (record books/ledgers), but everybody surely uses it.

Today data is power.

But having said so this data should also be well-managed for clean and accurate data to exist at all times.

One such system is the Library Management System, which is used to keep a record of books present in a library. This system consists of information regarding Books, where we can perform all the operations that are required in an actual system such as CRUD operation, advanced search, book issuing, and also to store the information (in an encrypted format) within files using the process known as Serialization.

Skills

By end of the project, apart from learning to write clean modular code using Java and OOPs concepts, you will also learn some major concepts such as -

  • Serialisation - Serialization in Java is a mechanism of writing the state of an object into a byte-stream (to store the book data here). It is mainly used in Hibernate, RMI, JPA, EJB and JMS technologies. The reverse operation of serialization is called deserialization where a byte-stream is converted into an object (to access the book data from stored files).
  • Java Collections API - This provides Java developers with a set of classes and interfaces that makes it easier to work with collections of objects, e.g. lists, maps, stacks etc. Rather than having to write your own collection classes, Java provides these ready-to-use collection classes for you.

This project will empower you to build management apps which are super popular these days.

These skills will aid in the future when you pursue domains like app-web development, system design, domains like project management apps such as Trello, slideshare.

Learning these will be an additional support and a star point when you collaborate with a different tech stack to build robust apps that include concepts like serialisation and may also employ your knowledge of classes, objects usage that you can strengthen from this project.

This project can right away go on your résumé!

Who should try this

A basic knowledge of Java concepts will be required to execute this project. Having knowledge of OOPs concepts will help greatly. But these can surely be learned through the course of implementing this project.

It is perfect for beginners in Java as it will give them a chance to write code in Java and at the same time learn to build native Java apps that can be used directly from the command line! This project will be a good project for intermediate developers while a refresher project for Java professionals.

40 hours is the maximum expected time needed to complete this project.

Give this project a try to know what’s in store for you!


Also read

7 Unique Java Projects - Recommended For All Developers
Collection of Java projects that companies look for in your resume. Showcase real-world project building skills and stand out in 2021.

Machine Learning projects

Visualizing and forecasting stocks using Dash

Machine Learning projects - stock visualizer

You must have seen various stock charts in movies and tv shows. The traders at the Stock Exchange or Wall Street actively study, analyze, and keep track of the stock prices of various companies’ shares. These charts make it easier for traders to visualize the behavior of the stocks and also predict trends accordingly. But what if you could take these numbers one step ahead and predict the future stock price for a specific date?

In this project, you will be creating a single-page web application using Dash (a Python framework) and some Machine Learning models which will show company information (logo, registered name, and description), and some stock plots based on the stock code given by the user. Also the ML model will enable the user to get predicted stock prices for the date inputted by the user. Wrapping it, you will be deploying your app using Heroku.

Exciting stuff? Isn’t it. Become the next wolf of wall street using this amazing tool ;)

Skills to hone

By end of the project, apart from learning to write clean modular code using Python you will also learn some major skills and tools such as:

  • Dash - Dash by Plotly is extremely efficient in building data visualization apps with a highly customized user interface (interactive web apps) without having to learn JavaScript or frontend web development. It is an ideal tool for Python web developers.
  • Data Visualization - Data visualization careers tend to come with high salaries. Often, these specialists can work from home, and they also benefit from opportunities available across many different industries. In general, employers look for data visualization professionals who regularly increase their skills and knowledge in the field.

This Python-based Machine Learning project will help you kick start your career in Data Science, specifically data visualization.

Also this is an amazing project for web development using Python technologies.

This project is also a good exposure to Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence enthusiasts as this project briefly explores one of the sub-domains of AI, namely predictions using Machine Learning models.

Learning relevant skills of this project will be an additional support and a star point when you collaborate with a different tech stack to build similar visualization models especially in the markets domain. Mastering a higher level of these skills will yield a very promising career in the field of Artificial intelligence or Data Science.

So go ahead upgrade your portfolio with this amazing project up your sleeve!

Who should try this

  • Prerequisite knowledge required

A basic knowledge of Python concepts, basic HTML and CSS will be required to execute this project. All additional skills can be learned through the course of implementing this project.

  • Difficulty level to expect

Of all the Machine Learning projects for beginners, this is a must try for Python web developers.

It is also a good project for intermediate developers and a refresher project for Python (web) development professionals.

  • Time needed

25-30 hours is the maximum expected time needed to complete this project.

Know more about the project and start doing it for free


Companion App: A mental health tracker built using Flutter and Firebase

Machine Learning projects - mental health tracker

Mental health is an important issue in the world today. This simple Flutter app is a small step towards finding a universal solution for all.

In this project, you will build a friendly mental health tracker that helps its users get through their problems in an interesting way. With personalized tasks and timely progress checks, this companion app is a great solution for those who are suffering from mental health problems.

This app primarily being a Flutter-based app development project still has a great potential of using advanced Machine Learning models to have much more sophisticated features.

Jump right into the project to understand how Machine Learning has been leveraged here to successfully build this practical app.

Skills

By end of the project, you will not only master the art of writing clean modular code using Dart, but also gain hands-on experience with these noteworthy skills:

  • UI/UX - UX/UI design of the application improves the user experience and customer satisfaction that ultimately helps increase the number of users of the specific application. The UI and UX design helps to win the consumers' confidence and compels them to use your application with solutions to what they are looking for.
  • Flutter - Since Flutter was introduced, it has rapidly shown massive growth. Its demand is increasing exponentially in the market and all the businesses want to hire Flutter app developers for their app development and maintenance.
  • Cloud Firestore - It is Firebase's fully managed cloud-native NoSQL document database that is fast and serverless. It simplifies syncing, storing, and querying data for mobile, web, as well as IoT apps. With the benefit of Google Cloud, it offers great scalability. It provides live synchronization and offline support.
  • Classification - It is a data mining function that assigns items in a collection to target categories or classes. The goal of classification is to accurately predict the target class for each case in the data. For example, a classification model could be used to identify loan applicants as low, medium, or high credit risks.

This project is an amazing example of app development using Flutter and also integrating Machine Learning models to make it a practical app.

Who should try this

A basic knowledge of Dart (and preferably Flutter too) will be required to execute this project. All additional skills can be learned through the course of implementing this project.

This is a challenging project for beginners in Flutter. Intermediate developers with basic knowledge of Dart and Flutter will have fun building this app whilst learning new things about accessibility, design practices, and fine-tuning the app for the target audience. This is a great project for advanced web developers to showcase app development skills.

60-65 hours is the maximum expected time needed to complete this project.

Know more about the project and start doing it for free!


Also read

5 Attractive Machine Learning Projects - Must try in 2021
Best free Machine Learning projects to sky-rocket your Data Science career and hone Artificial Intelligence skills, in a hands on way.

Javascript projects

Resume Builder

Any software developer's journey is characterised by long hours trying to create the 'ideal resume', one that is crisp, to the point, correctly formatted and easily update-able, and many existing resume builder tools that provide these are paid ones.

In this project, you will create your own resume builder application using React and Material UI on the Frontend and Node-Express for the backend.

By working on this project, you will have three advantages:

  1. Learn full stack Javascript development with React-Material-Node-Express, all of which are extremely useful technologies in your journey as a professional software developer.
  2. Build your own application that you can use in your daily life.
  3. Iteratively build up on the application to provide more features, better UI and ace those interview questions!

Skills

You will get to learn the following skills by trying out this project:

  • NodeJS
  • Express
  • React
  • Material UI
  • React Bootstrap

Who should try this

One of the simpler, attractive, and noteworthy Javascript projects for beginners, this Resume builder application is perfect for web developers looking to sharpen sought after skills and technologies in a span of 15 hours.

Demo of Resume Builder App using Node JS and React JS

More Innovative project ideas for computer science engineers

If you are not sure where your interest lies or are feeling stuck in coming up with a project idea of your own, you can also take inspiration from these amazing project ideas for computer science engineers, suggested by Crio's dev community.

Python project idea

Emotion Based Music Player (credits: Gourav Sardana)

Google Search has set the bar high to immediately receive useful information for things we search on the internet. Today, users automatically expect to get accurate and instant recommendations on almost anything.

Wouldn’t it be cool if there was a music player that could recommend songs based on the mood of a user?

What to do

Create a desktop GUI application that recommends songs to users based on an emoji or live emotion of the user.

  1. Create a basic music player such that users can:
  2. Search for particular songs they like.
  3. Listen to songs from a wide range of music.
  4. Filter songs by genre, artist, etc.
  5. Implement functionality to extract emotion from an image a user uploads or clicks a live photo - Refer.
  6. Implement functionality to recommend songs based on emotion. Users should be able to receive recommendations based on:
  7. An emoji selected, photo uploaded, or a live photo clicked.
  8. Their selected genre/artist.

Scope of the project

Concepts: Facial Emotion Recognition, Convolution Neural Networks, Recommendation Systems

Skills: Tkinter, OpenCV

Tech: Anaconda(Python), Keras

Time Investment

70-80 hours

References


For more Python projects, visit Crio Projects Hub


Javascript project idea

Online white board (credits: Nabhan Abdulla)

Online tutoring and schooling from home are becoming very common nowadays. Moreover, because of the COVID pandemic, brainstorming and discussing ideas over video calls have picked up in popularity as well.

In such cases, whiteboards play an important part in making these tasks simple. With a whiteboard, you can easily explain and share ideas. Having a digital whiteboard solves the problem of purchasing and installing a physical one.

What to do

Build an online whiteboard.

  1. Implement basic drawing features like pen, shapes, colors, and eraser options.
  2. Implement option to redo/undo actions.
  3. Implement feature to export the drawing board (as pdf/image).
  4. [Miscellaneous] Implement feature to collaboratively work on the same whiteboard using an invite.
  5. [Miscellaneous] Create an app using electron.js.
  6. Deploy to netlify.

Scope of the project

Concepts: Data Structures and Algorithms, Frontend

Skills: Data Structures (Stack, Queue, Bucket), Jspdf, Jquery, HTML5 Canvas

Tech: HTML, CSS and JavaScript

Time investment

20-30 hours

References


For more Javascript projects, visit Crio Projects Hub.


Java project idea

Bulk Thumbnail creator

Thumbnail images are often used to represent a larger image or a video. It helps developers to display more content to users without affecting the website load time. These are also used by video players to give users a snapshot of part of the video where the user wants to seek to.

What to do

Develop a web app to create thumbnails from video/images.

  1. Implement feature to create thumbnails for all images in a folder as per:
  2. Specified height and width (crop if required).
Original thumbnail images

3. Specified height and width (don’t crop, add black background to fill).

Images resized to same height and width (but cropped)

4. Implement feature to create thumbnails from a video as per:

5. Specified height and width (crop if required).

6. Specific interval (in seconds) between each subsequent thumbnail.

7. Implement multi-threading to improve the performance of the application.

8. Perform thumbnail generation in the background to interact with the application during processing.

9. Handle different tasks like re-sizing, renaming, etc using different threads.

Scope of the project

Concepts:  Image Processing, Multithreading

Skills: JavaCV, Java Threads/Runnable

Tech: SpringBoot, Gradle

Time investment

40-50 hours

References


For more Java projects, visit Crio Projects Hub


Android project idea

Deal Finder

Despite the unpredictable nature of the stock market, every investor wants to know how their stocks are performing and which stocks to buy/sell at the right time. They are constantly looking for reliable forecasting platforms to make the best data-driven decisions about their trades.

What to do

Build an Android application that presents users with useful intel on different stocks. Implement features to:

  1. Fetch stock data using an API.
  2. Add stock portfolios (use a database).
  3. Predict the price of selected stocks and calculate the risk of trading these stocks.
  4. Visualize information like user’s current stock returns, prospective stocks forecast, competitor analysis, etc.

Scope of the project

Concepts: Android Development, Data Visualization

Skills: API Handling (RestTemplate, Jackson), Time Series Analysis, Google Chart/JFree Chart, Tiingo API

Tech: Android Studio, Android SDK, REST API

Time Investment

40-60 hours

References


For more Android projects, visit Crio Projects Hub.


Web development project idea

Portfolio Website

Portfolio websites are a great way to showcase your skills and talent to a potential employer. Having a portfolio website gives a clear message about how serious you are about getting hired. Moreover, building a website sharpens your web development skills and adds relevant skills to your skillset.

What to do

Create a portfolio website to show off your projects and achievements to prospective employers.

  1. Use any frontend framework like Angular/React to develop the portfolio website.
  2. Find a template online or try your hand at designing a website.
  3. Include links and add demos of your projects.
  4. Deploy your website on netlify or Github.
  5. [Miscellaneous] Buy a domain and host it on cloud.
  6. [Miscellaneous] Build your own CMS (like Wordpress).

Scope of the project

Concepts: Web Development

Skills: Netlify/Github Pages, UI/UX (Figma)

Tech: Angular/React

Time Investment

20-30 hours

References

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For more web development projects, visit Crio Projects Hub.


Other software project ideas for CSE

FTP Server

Sharing memories, large files, or even confidential documents, have become an effortless task for people across the world today. But being able to share files from one location to another is not enough. Data protection has become increasingly important with the number of security threats rising over the internet.

What to do

Create an FTP server to backup your files to the cloud and transfer them securely over the internet.

  1. Build an FTP Host server.
  2. Implement functionality to transfer files via the FTP protocol (use VSFTPD).
  3. Add a provision to authenticate users.
  4. Implement functionality to securely communicate using SSL protocol - buy a SSL certificate/create a self-signed certificate.
  5. Deploy your server on Heroku.
  6. Build an FTP Client
  7. Create a simple website or GUI application to upload files using FTP protocol.

Scope of the project

Concepts: File Transfer, Networking, Deployment

Skills: FTP, SSL, Server Side Scripting

Tech: VSFTPD server, Bash Commands, Heroku

Time Investment

20-30 hours

References


Also check out these repos for more CSE project ideas

karan/Projects
:page_with_curl: A list of practical projects that anyone can solve in any programming language. - karan/Projects
danistefanovic/build-your-own-x
🤓 Build your own (insert technology here). Contribute to danistefanovic/build-your-own-x development by creating an account on GitHub.

Quick Recap

  1. Mini projects are an important starter kit for developers who want to pursue a career in tech.
  2. Mini projects are meant to deepen your learning in areas that pique your programming interests.
  3. Have a good mix of mini projects that help you learn and implement knowledge in innovative ways.
  4. It is recommended to have 3-5 mini projects in your resume.
  5. Usually, the duration of most of the mini projects is around 20-80 hours. So, even if you have missed working on meaningful projects, you can start now.
  6. Present the skills and technologies gained from your mini projects in a concise and consistent format in your resume.
  7. Include information that would interest your potential employer.
  8. Be prepared to answer in-depth questions related to your mini projects.

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Head to Crio Projects Hub and find a project that suits you the best!

Crio Projects Hub
Find interesting project ideas for CSE and get started with an execution plan

Hope you found this blog useful and were able to choose an interesting project to get started with. Do share this with your friends who would love to check out the plethora of CSE mini project ideas suggested in this blog. Also, do let us know in the comments below, which project interested you the most :)