Test Automation is the way already and will be way ahead too with more sophisticated tools invented and introduced very frequently. With N number of test automation tools in the market let us understand the Test Automation Tools in different categories and explore the popular tools under each category.
Web-Based Automation Tool
A web-based test automation tool is a software application specifically designed to automate the testing of web applications. These tools provide functionalities to simulate user interactions, validate expected behaviors, and generate test reports. They typically operate within a web browser environment, allowing testers to automate various actions and verify the functionality, performance, and security of web applications.
Desktop-Based Automation Tool
A desktop-based test automation tool is a software application specifically designed to automate the testing of desktop applications, which are applications installed and run on desktop computers or laptops. These tools provide functionalities to simulate user interactions, verify application functionality, and generate test reports for desktop-based software systems.
Web + Desktop Based Automation Tools
Behavior Driven Development
Behavior Driven Development (BDD) is an agile software development methodology that focuses on collaboration among stakeholders (business, development, and testing teams) to ensure a common understanding of desired behaviors and outcomes. BDD emphasizes the importance of defining and documenting behavior from a user's perspective to drive development and testing activities.
No or Less Code Automation Tools
No-code or low-code test automation tools provide a visual interface or simplified scripting language to automate tests without the need for extensive coding. These tools allow users with little or no programming experience to create automated tests quickly. Here are some examples of no-code or low-code test automation tools:
- Katalon Studio
- Sahi Pro
- Telerik Test Studio
Mobile Automation Tools
Mobile test automation tools are software applications or frameworks specifically designed to automate the testing of mobile applications on various platforms such as iOS and Android. These tools provide features to interact with mobile devices, simulate user actions, and validate expected behaviors. Mobile test automation tools are crucial for ensuring the quality and reliability of mobile applications, as they enable efficient and repeatable testing processes. Here are some commonly used mobile test automation tools:
- UI Automator
- Calabash (BDD)
API Testing Tools
API testing tools are software applications or frameworks specifically designed to test the functionality, performance, and security of APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). These tools help automate the process of sending requests to APIs (simulating API requests), validating responses, and analyzing the behavior of API endpoints and its performance. Here are some popular API testing tools:
- Karate (BDD)
Performance Testing Tools
Performance testing tools are software applications or frameworks that help measure and evaluate the performance, scalability, and stability of software applications under various load conditions. These tools simulate real-world user scenarios and generate load to test how an application performs in terms of response time, throughput, resource utilization, and other performance metrics. Performance testing tools provide features to monitor system resources, analyze bottlenecks, and generate detailed reports. Here are some commonly used performance testing tools:
- JMeter (Can also support API)
Test Execution Platform
A test execution platform is a software tool or infrastructure that enables the execution of automated or manual tests on various platforms, devices, and configurations. It provides an environment for running tests and capturing test results. Test execution platforms are essential for validating software applications and ensuring their functionality across different environments. Some common examples of test execution platforms include:
- Lamda Test
- Sauce Labs
CI/CD Dev Ops Tools
CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment) is a crucial aspect of DevOps practices that focuses on automating the build, testing, and deployment of software applications. There are several tools available that support CI/CD processes and help streamline the development and release cycles. Here are some commonly used CI/CD DevOps tools:
- GitLab CI/CD
- Azure DevOps
Configuration Management Tool
Configuration management tool that automates the deployment and management of systems and applications
These configuration management tools offer various features and capabilities, and the choice depends on factors such as your infrastructure, desired level of automation, programming language preferences, and scalability requirements. It's important to evaluate your specific needs and determine which tool aligns best with your requirements.
Build Automation Tools
A build automation tool is a software tool that automates the process of building and compiling software applications from source code. These tools help streamline the build process by automating repetitive tasks, managing dependencies, and generating the final executable or deployment artifacts. Here are some popular build automation tools:
- Ant, Make, MSBuild, NAnt
Containers are lightweight, portable, and self-contained software units that package an application and its dependencies together. They provide a consistent and isolated environment for running applications, regardless of the underlying infrastructure. Containers offer several benefits, such as improved scalability, efficient resource utilization, simplified deployment, and increased development productivity.
Containers have gained significant popularity in modern software development and deployment practices, enabling organizations to achieve greater agility, scalability, and efficiency in their application development and deployment processes.
Setting clear and attainable objectives is the initial step towards advancing your knowledge and pursuing a career in automation testing. If you have decided to follow this path, it is essential to establish a timeline to maintain your motivation and concentration.
Crio's Fellowship Program in QA Automation course offers a structured and practical learning environment for automation testing, including access to mentors who can provide helpful advice and evaluations.
To keep pace with industry advancements, you should continue to enhance your knowledge and improve your abilities by keeping up to date with the latest programming languages, test automation tools, and frameworks.